Accession: V05003
Editorial Title: To the Public: Moral Science and Mesmerism, February 3, 1872
Author: Mary Baker Eddy 
Date: February 3, 1872
Manuscript Description: Newspaper article published in The Lynn TranscriptThe Lynn Transcript
The Lynn Transcript was a weekly newspaper published in Lynn, Massachusetts, from 1867 to 1896. Mary Baker Eddy had several poems published in the Transcript, including "Rock of Ages" (5/20/1876) and "Hymn of Science" (1876-12-02). (These two poems are early versions of "Christ My Refuge" and "Communion Hymn," respectively.) The Transcript was also used by Eddy and her students to respond to public criticism of Eddy and her teachings.
.
Editorial Note: This is Eddy’s second response to the attacks on her teachings by Wallace W. Wright, published in The Lynn TranscriptThe Lynn Transcript
The Lynn Transcript was a weekly newspaper published in Lynn, Massachusetts, from 1867 to 1896. Mary Baker Eddy had several poems published in the Transcript, including "Rock of Ages" (5/20/1876) and "Hymn of Science" (1876-12-02). (These two poems are early versions of "Christ My Refuge" and "Communion Hymn," respectively.) The Transcript was also used by Eddy and her students to respond to public criticism of Eddy and her teachings.
in January 1872.
Related Topic: To read other documents relating to the newspaper controversy between Wallace Wright and Mary Baker Eddy, see V05002Click link to view V05002 document in new window, 327.44.002Click link to view 327.44.002 document in new window, L08301Click link to view L08301 document in new window, and L05663Click link to view L05663 document in new window.
Final Edits
Original Document

V05003
-

To the Public.
Moral ScienceEditorial Note: Eddy originally called her teachings Moral Science before she named them Christian Science. and Mesmerism.

Perhaps some of the readers of the TranscriptThe Lynn Transcript
The Lynn Transcript was a weekly newspaper published in Lynn, Massachusetts, from 1867 to 1896. Mary Baker Eddy had several poems published in the Transcript, including "Rock of Ages" (5/20/1876) and "Hymn of Science" (1876-12-02). (These two poems are early versions of "Christ My Refuge" and "Communion Hymn," respectively.) The Transcript was also used by Eddy and her students to respond to public criticism of Eddy and her teachings.
may be interested in listening to some of my views on these two very distinct topics--but which will be given only in justice to science, and not as a reply to any libel.

Let us begin, then, by briefly referring to the origin of each. Moral science belongs to God, and is the expression or revelation of love, wisdom and truth. It reaches the understanding, first, through inspiration, and secondly, by explanation. Those who receive it must obey its requirements if they would understand it; hearing it explained is learning the letter only; obedience to it is the spirit of this higher law that alone enables the learner to give the demonstration of Moral and Physical Science. The idea that expresses moral science, is physical, and we can see this idea traced out in one continuous page of nature’s bright and glorious character. Every blade of grass, tree and flower, declare, "How manifold are thy works, O Lord! In wisdom hast thou made them all."Ps 104:24 O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches. ;

The entire creation of God symbolizes nothing else but wisdom, love and truth. All that He hath made is harmonious, joy-giving and eternal. He also made man in His “image and likeness,”Gen 1:26 ¶And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. and this must be a perfect man, that through the moral science of her creation we may learn the only true physical idea of God. All that is good, God has made, but all that is not good, man has sought out through many inventionsEccl 7:29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. . Moral Science enables us to determine good from evil, and to destroy the latter by understanding, first, what is error, and what truth, and secondly, by undertaking this great work as Ethan Allen would have claimed the colonies, “in the name of Almighty God.”Editorial Note: In the Revolutionary War, Ethan Allen is reported to have said, "In the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress!" as he proclaimed the capture of Fort Ticonderoga.

Moral Science is to put down sin and suffering through the understanding that God created them not, nor made He man to be the servant to his body; and these signs shall follow thoseMark 16:17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; who have learned Him alright:- they shall have control over matter and man, over sickness and sin. Jesus demonstrated this moral control over matter and man, but this was not mesmerism it was God—a moral force reduced to science that gave the right explanation of God by making all things possible to HimMatt 9:26 And the fame hereof went abroad into all that land. Mark 10:27 And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God: for with God all things are possible. Luke 1:37 For with God nothing shall be impossible. , and the man able to prove this great truth. All forms of suffering and disease, and even the winds and waves, obeyed the man, JesusMatt 8:27 But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him! Mark 4:41 And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him? Luke 8:25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him. , through his God-being. When casting out disease he said to the woman. “Lo, Satan hath bound thee”Luke 13:16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day? - not God. The winds he stilledMark 4:35 And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side. Mark 4:36 And when they had sent away the multitude, they took him even as he was in the ship. And there were also with him other little ships. Mark 4:37 And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full. Mark 4:38 And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish? Mark 4:39 And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm. Mark 4:40 And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith? Mark 4:41 And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him? Luke 8:22 ¶Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth. Luke 8:23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy. Luke 8:24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm. Luke 8:25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him. Matt 8:23 ¶And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him. Matt 8:24 And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. Matt 8:25 And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. Matt 8:26 And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm. Matt 8:27 But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him! turning the currents of earth into harmonious action. But the foul currents of leprosy, and the inflamed action that God created not, our Master destroyed or cast out through the Moral Science of God applied to its physical idea, even as the science of music that reveals one of the sweet harmonies of God, casts out the discord of man’s making.

Fearing to think we should follow this example of Jesus is an error of our education, for which theology and physiology are greatly responsible. Jesus gave this example for man’s instruction and imitation, saying, “He that believeth on me (i.e. who understandeth me), the works that I do shall he do also.”John 14:12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father. To be able to control our bodies by the soul, i.e. through God, is to be able not to let our bodies control us through the senses. Moral science teaches this soul-control, and just in the proportion to the greater or less extent that this truth is understood, will be the success or non-success of its students. If ties of sense weaken, as the stronger and more enduring ties of soul strength, what matter? Love is not thus lost, but nearer, far, as we approach God, who is love. From dust to Deity all is harmonious and eternal that God created. All that is truth and its idea, all that is love and its idea, which is purity, is immortal; but all that is error, and impure, is mortal; but mortality is not imagination, nor to be sneered at; rather it is to be understood so that It may be destroyed, even as Jesus gave the example by bringing to light immortalityII Tim 1:10 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel: . Mortal error (and all error is Mortal) must be destroyed by immortal truth, and in no other way can it be destroyed.

So far as I understand it, mesmerism is neither truth nor its idea i.e. it is neither moral nor physical science, but simply an ism, originating in belief, by which one belief drives away another one, and the last may be even worse that the firstMatt 12:25 And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand: Luke 11:26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first. . This, therefore, originates with man and not with God. MesmerEditorial Note: Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815). For a history of mesmerism, see Adam Crabtree, From Mesmer to Freud: Magnetic Sleep and the Roots of Psychological Healing. was the author of it, and never, to my knowledge, did he claim it was Moral Science; and I, who know no more of the practice of mesmerism than does a kitten, and think much less of it than did the originator, would be loath to steal his thunder, or to attempt to teach what I did not understand. Whereas I do claim to understand the Moral and Physical Science that I teach; and this I add, however, only in justice to the science- that is in times past I have beyond what my students have yet reached, although some of them are healing beyond what other methods are able to do.

I am preparing a work on Moral and Physical ScienceEditorial Note: This is Eddy’s first announcement to the public that she has begun to write what would be published in 1875 as Science and Health., that I shall submit to the public as soon as it is completed. This work is laborious, and I have not much opportunity to write, hence the delay in publishing. I withhold my MSS.Editorial Note: Eddy allowed her early students to have copies of her manuscripts she used in teaching. From all eyes but my student’s, first, because they are mere outlines of my subject, that require me to fill up by explanation, and secondly, because I think the mass of minds are not yet prepared to digest the subject.

Mrs. Mary M. B. Glover

V05003
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To the Public.
Moral ScienceEditorial Note: Eddy originally called her teachings Moral Science before she named them Christian Science. and Mesmerism.

Perhaps some of the readers of the TranscriptThe Lynn Transcript
The Lynn Transcript was a weekly newspaper published in Lynn, Massachusetts, from 1867 to 1896. Mary Baker Eddy had several poems published in the Transcript, including "Rock of Ages" (5/20/1876) and "Hymn of Science" (1876-12-02). (These two poems are early versions of "Christ My Refuge" and "Communion Hymn," respectively.) The Transcript was also used by Eddy and her students to respond to public criticism of Eddy and her teachings.
may be interested in listening to some of my views on these two very distinct topics--but which will be given only in justice to science, and not as a reply to any libel.

Let us begin, then, by briefly referring to the origin of each. Moral science belongs to God, and is the expression or revelation of love, wisdom and truth. It reaches the understanding, first, through inspiration, and secondly, by explanation. Those who receive it must obey its requirements if they would understand it; hearing it explained is learning the letter only; obedience to it is the spirit of this higher law that alone enables the learner to give the demonstration of Moral and Physical Science. The idea that expresses moral science, is physical, and we can see this idea traced out in one continuous page of nature’s bright and glorious character. Every blade of grass, tree and flower, declare, "How manifold are thy works, O Lord! In wisdom hast thou made them all."Ps 104:24 O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches. ;

The entire creation of God symbolizes nothing else but wisdom, love and truth. All that He hath made is harmonious, joy-giving and eternal. He also made man in His “image and likeness,”Gen 1:26 ¶And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. and this must be a perfect man, that through the moral science of her creation we may learn the only true physical idea of God. All that is good, God has made, but all that is not good, man has sought out through many inventionsEccl 7:29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. . Moral Science enables us to determine good from evil, and to destroy the latter by understanding, first, what is error, and what truth, and secondly, by undertaking this great work as Ethan Allen would have claimed the colonies, “in the name of Almighty God.”Editorial Note: In the Revolutionary War, Ethan Allen is reported to have said, "In the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress!" as he proclaimed the capture of Fort Ticonderoga.

Moral Science is to put down sin and suffering through the understanding that God created them not, nor made He man to be the servant to his body; and these signs shall follow thoseMark 16:17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; who have learned Him alright:- they shall have control over matter and man, over sickness and sin. Jesus demonstrated this moral control over matter and man, but this was not mesmerism it was God—a moral force reduced to science that gave the right explanation of God by making all things possible to HimMatt 9:26 And the fame hereof went abroad into all that land. Mark 10:27 And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God: for with God all things are possible. Luke 1:37 For with God nothing shall be impossible. , and the man able to prove this great truth. All forms of suffering and disease, and even the winds and waves, obeyed the man, JesusMatt 8:27 But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him! Mark 4:41 And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him? Luke 8:25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him. , through his God-being. When casting out disease he said to the woman. “Lo, Satan hath bound thee”Luke 13:16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day? - not God. The winds he stilledMark 4:35 And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side. Mark 4:36 And when they had sent away the multitude, they took him even as he was in the ship. And there were also with him other little ships. Mark 4:37 And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full. Mark 4:38 And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish? Mark 4:39 And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm. Mark 4:40 And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith? Mark 4:41 And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him? Luke 8:22 ¶Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth. Luke 8:23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy. Luke 8:24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm. Luke 8:25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him. Matt 8:23 ¶And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him. Matt 8:24 And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. Matt 8:25 And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. Matt 8:26 And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm. Matt 8:27 But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him! turning the currents of earth into harmonious action. But the foul currents of leprosy, and the inflamed action that God created not, our Master destroyed or cast out through the Moral Science of God applied to its physical idea, even as the science of music that reveals one of the sweet harmonies of God, casts out the discord of man’s making.

Fearing to think we should follow this example of Jesus is an error of our education, for which theology and physiology are greatly responsible. Jesus gave this example for man’s instruction and imitation, saying, “He that believeth on me (i.e. who understandeth me), the works that I do shall he do also.”John 14:12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father. To be able to control our bodies by the soul, i.e. through God, is to be able not to let our bodies control us through the senses. Moral science teaches this soul-control, and just in the proportion to the greater or less extent that this truth is understood, will be the success or non-success of its students. If ties of sense weaken, as the stronger and more enduring ties of soul strength, what matter? Love is not thus lost, but nearer, far, as we approach God, who is love. From dust to Deity all is harmonious and eternal that God created. All that is truth and its idea, all that is love and its idea, which is purity, is immortal; but all that is error, and impure, is mortal; but mortality is not imagination, nor to be sneered at; rather it is to be understood so that It may be destroyed, even as Jesus gave the example by bringing to light immortalityII Tim 1:10 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel: . Mortal error (and all error is Mortal) must be destroyed by immortal truth, and in no other way can it be destroyed.

So far as I understand it, mesmerism is neither truth nor its idea i.e. it is neither moral nor physical science, but simply an ism, originating in belief, by which one belief drives away another one, and the last may be even worse that the firstMatt 12:25 And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand: Luke 11:26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first. . This, therefore, originates with man and not with God. MesmerEditorial Note: Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815). For a history of mesmerism, see Adam Crabtree, From Mesmer to Freud: Magnetic Sleep and the Roots of Psychological Healing. was the author of it, and never, to my knowledge, did he claim it was Moral Science; and I, who know no more of the practice of mesmerism than does a kitten, and think much less of it than did the originator, would be loath to steal his thunder, or to attempt to teach what I did not understand. Whereas I do claim to understand the Moral and Physical Science that I teach; and this I add, however, only in justice to the science- that is in times past I have beyond what my students have yet reached, although some of them are healing beyond what other methods are able to do.

I am preparing a work on Moral and Physical ScienceEditorial Note: This is Eddy’s first announcement to the public that she has begun to write what would be published in 1875 as Science and Health., that I shall submit to the public as soon as it is completed. This work is laborious, and I have not much opportunity to write, hence the delay in publishing. I withhold my MSS.Editorial Note: Eddy allowed her early students to have copies of her manuscripts she used in teaching. From all eyes but my student’s, first, because they are mere outlines of my subject, that require me to fill up by explanation, and secondly, because I think the mass of minds are not yet prepared to digest the subject.

Mrs. Mary M. B. Glover